Referencing A Doctoral Dissertation

Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university.

Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.


Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database

Structure:

Last, F.M. (Date published). Title (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from database name. (Accession or Order no.)

 

Example:

Knight, K.A. (2011). Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from MLA International Bibliography Database. (Accession No. 2013420395)

 


Citing a thesis or dissertation from the web

Structure:

Knight, K.A. (2011). Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from MLA International Bibliography Database. (Accession No. 2013420395)

Note: Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title.


Example:

Wilson, P.L. (2011). Pedagogical practices in the teaching of English language in secondary public schools in Parker County (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11801/1/Wilson_umd_0117E_12354.pdf

 


How to Cite A Dissertation

 

1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?

 

2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?

 

3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA

 

1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?

The majority of dissertations done at institutions in the United States and Canada – including CIIS – and some dissertations from institutions in other countries are published through ProQuest/UMI.

The way to tell whether the work in question is published is to search their database, called ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (Members of the CIIS community can access it through our library Web site). If you find a record for the work in question, assume that it is published unless that record lists only an abstract (i.e., there’s no full text available and/or no link to order a copy). If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu.

If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page.


2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?

Follow the format specified in the most recent edition of the style manual you choose; and – if it is not already required by that style – include the ProQuest/UMI publication number in the References citation. Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books (ISBNs), and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing.

How can you find the publication number? Search for the item in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (available via the CIIS Library website). You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples:

I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph.D., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2010, 145 pages; AAT 3411606

Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management
by Kasai, Aya, M.A., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2008, 143 pages; AAT 1451129


3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA

APA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author. (year). Title in italics (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number])

Crowe, B. D. (2010). I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. AAT 3411606)

APA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author. (year). Title in italics (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number])

Kasai, A. (2008). Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management (Master's thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. AAT 1451129)

MLA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author. Title in italics. Dissertation, School. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2010. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

MLA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author. Title in italics. Thesis, School. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Kasai, Aya. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. Thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, 2008. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

Chicago citation format for a published dissertation:

Author, year. Title in italics. [Degree] dissertation, school. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan. 2010. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 3411606.)

Chicago citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author, year. Title in italics. [Degree] thesis, school. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI, date. (Publication No. [number].)

Kasai, Aya. 2008. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

AAA citation format for a published dissertation:

Author
 year Title without italics. [Degree] dissertation, school. (Publication nbr. [number].)

Crowe, Byron Dan
 2010 I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication nbr. AAT 3411606.)

AAA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Author
 year Title without italics. [Degree] thesis, school. (Publication nbr. [number].)

Kasai, Aya
 2008 Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management. MA thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies. (Publication No. AAT 1451129.)

revised 10/2010

 

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