Management And Leadership Essay
In the business world today, the corporate environment demands more work from less employees. In order for corporations to stay ahead of the game, they need to employ the right leaders and the most effective managers. The leadership style of those in charge influences the effectiveness of those employees working under them. Management and leadership can sometimes go hand in hand, but there are differences between leaders and managers. In this paper, I will discuss the difference between managers and leaders. I will also examine the role and responsibilities of leaders in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture and I will also make two recommendations to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture followed with a couple of examples to support my recommendation.
Management is defined as the "organizational process that includes strategic planning, setting; objectives, managing resources, deploying the human and financial assets needed to achieve objectives, and measuring results". (Stuhlman, 2006) A manager is someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities to accomplish organizational goals. The fundamental responsibility of a manager is to accomplish the organizations objectives by getting things done through others.
Many leaders have different personalities and styles of leadership. Leadership has been defined as "one who conducts, precedes as a guide to others in action or opinion, one who takes the lead in any enterprise or movement, one who is 'followed' by disciples or adherents" (Mirams-Well, 2006). Leadership comes in a number of different forms, but all leaders are heading toward the same common goal, which is to effectively communicate with people. Some leaders are silent leaders and simply lead by example, while others are more vocal. But what is certain is that all leaders must possess certain characteristics. For example, being a good role model, dependable, and trust worthy, these are all characteristics that a true leader must possessSome of the differences between a manager and leader are; Managers are responsible for setting goals while Leaders are responsible for ensuring that those goals are achieved. The manager and leader also have different ways of organizing the people they are leading; the manager organized using learned knowledge and the leader uses their instincts. There is a saying that Managers do things right, and leaders do the right things. Managers organize processes and time to obtain desired results; they excel at getting things done. Good leaders excel at inspiring others to get things done. Leaders are usually more emotional than managers. Most managers are hired to do things by the book and...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%
Leadership And Management Essay1337 words - 5 pages Leadership and Management Leadership and Management are two very important positions to have for anyone in an organization. Both of these positions come with a great deal of responsibilities; however, they both serve two different purposes and responsibilities in an organization, along with a different sent of guidelines. This paper will differentiate between Leadership and Management, give two recommendations to create and maintain a...
Management and Leadership Essay778 words - 3 pages Most people think that management and leadership is the same thing but there is actually quite a difference between the two. They are often used interchangeably but they are actually two different concepts. Management is a function that must be exercised in any business; leadership is a relationship between a leader and subordinates that can energize an organization.Leadership is one of the things that a manager needs to be successful....
Management and Leadership1294 words - 5 pages Successful organizations have strong leaders and managers that develop, support and encourage employee longevity within a company. There is a significant difference between leadership and management however both skills have to be used collectively and both are important to a profitable organization. Leadership is a notion of communicating an organization’s vision, whereas management is more of the implementation of the organization’s vision. ...
Management and Leadership1043 words - 4 pages Management and Leadership If one were asked to explain the differences in management and leadership one could go to dictionary to look the two terms up. The person may find that management means to judiciously use a means to accomplish a result, and that leadership means to have the capacity to go ahead of or provide direction. This is a simplistic view and truly does not go into depth as to the differences between management and leadership....
Management and Leadership1048 words - 4 pages Management and Leadership Management and leadership are two words that are considered synonymous but describe two different concepts. According to the dictionary, management is the act, manner, or practice of managing; handling, supervision, or control; leadership is the capacity or ability to lead. In many organizations, management is a job description; leadership is a positive trait. The purpose of this paper is to distinguish between the...
Management and Leadership Paper1080 words - 4 pages Management and Leadership PaperBeing a leader is not necessarily being a manager and being a manager is not always being a leader. Being able to distinguish the differences between a leader and manager is not always simple. Today's demanding business unquestionably adds to the level of difficulty in determining, who is what. This paper will be illustrating the differences that separate a leader from a manager and vise versa. This paper...
Management and leadership1063 words - 4 pages Management and Leadership: Two Different ThingsManagement and leadership are two words that are considered synonymous but describe two different concepts. According to the Wordnet.com, management is the act, manner, or practice of managing, handling, supervision, or control; leadership is the capacity or ability to lead. In many organizations, management is a job description; leadership is a positive trait. The purpose of this paper is to...
Management and leadership1044 words - 4 pages It takes strong management and leadership skills to guide an organization to success. Management and leadership are two different concepts. "Management is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals," (Bateman & Snell, 2004). Leading is the management function that involves the manager's efforts to stimulate...
Management and Leadership1093 words - 4 pages Management is not leadership just as leadership is not management. In order to differentiate between the two we must ask ourselves which we relate to more, or rather, which we consider ourselves to be by asking the question which am I? Am I a Manager or can I consider myself a Leader? What type of person makes a good manager? What type of personality is best for leaders? Management and leadership are two notions that may be...
Leadership and Management833 words - 3 pages Businesses today thrive on the ability of the leaders and managers within the organization. A company's empowerment of strong leaders and managers can be evident in how successful an organization is. Although management and leadership tend to be synonymous, they are in reality two different concepts. A person can be a good leader but if he does not know how to manage a...
Management and Leadership - 680 words680 words - 3 pages Management and LeadershipLeading is establishing direction and influencing others to follow that direction. However, there are many variations and different areas of emphasis to this very simple definition. Whether you are an executive or an entry-level worker in your organization,...
Leadership and Management Essay
rodrigo | November 26, 2012
WritePass - Essay Writing - Dissertation Topics [TOC]
In this assignment I am going to define leadership and management, and then I will discuss some of the leadership theories i.e Contingency Theory, Path-goal Theory, Great man theory, Management theories, Transformational theory /leader. After that I did an organisational setting in which I discussing the leadership style of Steve jobs in Apple. Then I am going to discuss my strengths and weaknesses on the basis of my peer feedback. At last I write conclusion and recommendation.
Leadership have different definitions given by different authors and practitioners, but generally it is relationship in which the behaviour or actions of people are influenced by one person.
‘’Leadership is the process of influencing a group within an organisation towards achieving an aim or goal’’ (Johnson, Scholes & Whittington, 20011:471).
According to Yukl leadership is:-
- ‘’The process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it
- And the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives.’’ (Yukl, 2010:26)
Individuals and organisations performance is influenced by the leadership because it is a two-way process. To enable their followers to function effectively leader motivate their followers and design organisational contexts. If the group is influenced or motivated by the leader and give their full effort to reach the desired goal then the performance of the company automatically improved.
As Mullins said Management is ‘’Getting work done through the efforts of other people.’’ (Mullins, 2010:434)
Manager is the person who performs the function of management by using the available resources efficiently and effectively to accomplish desired goals and objectives.
Difference between Leadership and Management
Leadership vs. Management
- Managers do things right; leaders do the right things.
- Relationship of Managing is an authority; leading relationship is influensive.
- Stability is created by management; change comes because of leading.
Contingency Theory of leadership is related to the business environment that determines which leadership style is best for the different situation. According to this theory there is no single style of leadership is appropriate for all situations.
Path-goal Theoryis the third contingency model of leadership focuses on the leader to motivate subordinate. It suggests that the leader should remove hurdles, clarify the paths and increasing the reward for the followers to reach the goals by using any of the four leadership behaviour i.e. Directive leadership, Supportive leadership, Participative leadership and Achievement-oriented leadership.
(House and Dessler, 2010:387-388)
Great man theory suggests that leadership capability is inherent and the great leaders are born not made. According to this theory you are either a natural born leader or you are not.
Management theories are also known as transactional theories. This leadership theory is based on system of reward and punishment.
Assumptions of Management theories
- If the people get command from one superior or the chain of command is definite, then they perform their best.
- Management use reward and punishment to motivate workers.
- Followers must obey the instructions and commands of the leader.
Transformational theory /leader efficiently and effectively motivate its team by using chain of command to get the job done. Transformational leader imagines the big picture of the organisation and come with a new idea that moves an organisation to reach that level.
Broad framework of leadership style is the managerial leadership towards subordinate staff and the focus of power within the three headings-
- Autocratic style- In this style management has the focus of power to take any decision.
- Democratic style- In this style the focus of power is more in a group. The leadership should share its function with group.
- Laissez-faire (genuine) style- In this style the group members have freedom to do whatever they want because manager knows that members of group are doing right thing.
(Mullins, L.J. 2010:381)
I read a case study of an Apple founded by Steve Jobs in1976. After reading the case study I found that Steve jobs is a transformational leader because he always comes with a new idea and effectively motivates his subordinates to reach his plan or goal. He believes in change that’s why he always found an opportunity in consumers taste and want.
- Apple is founded in 1976 and comes with Apple I a personal computer kit.
- He introduces Apple II in 1977 with colour graphics and floppy disk.
- Then apple launched Macintosh in 1984 it is the key step in the development of today’s pc.
- In 1996 apple bought NeXT.
- In 2001 he launched iPod music player for music lovers. By this he set of a new strategic option in music and entertainment.
- Then he came with the iPhone in 2007 and the MacBook
Because of all these innovation I found that Steve jobs continuously transforming there products and making a new plan for the customers.
Communication is the process of exchange and flow of information from one person to another. Effective communication is a two way communication, in which the receiver gets the exact information that the sender transmitted. Communication is the very essential factor of leader because without good communication skill leader can’t convey his suggestions and decisions to the followers or he can’t lead them. Communication is of two types verbal and nonverbal. According to Mehrabian ‘’in face to face communication other people understands us only 7% by words we use, 38% from our voice and remaining 55% from body language and facial expressions.’’
(Mullins, L.J. 2010:230)
In my group work my group mate and I discussed about the communication skills and the importance of communication in leadership. After that discussion we gave feedback to each other, in which I got average comment. According to my group members I have an ability to express the thing but I can’t elaborate clearly because I speak in a slow voice and the listener can’t get me clearly.
Motivation is the process of stimulating someone to use his willingness for fulfilling the desired goal.
A leader motivates their followers by praising them or by giving them reward like bonus, incentive, promotion etc. In Maslow’s Hierarchy Needs Theory he defines five needs of the people. He arranged these needs in a hierarchy order i.e. physiological needs, safety needs, love needs, esteem needs, self- actualisation needs.
(Mullins, L.J. 2010:261)
A good leader is a good motivator he always inspires the individual by different theories of motivation.
During group discussion my group members gave me the positive feedback because they knew that in our finance assignment I helped one of my group member who find some problem in relating the ratios of the company with the economic factors, as I have a commerce background I helped him by giving theory and the proper link.
Leadership grows from self-confidence, it is the fundamental basis of leadership. Leadership is about having confidence to make decisions. The group members or the followers can step forward towards the desired goal only when the leader is confident. So the leaders confidence is directly proportionate to the followers. It acts like a bridge between person and its goal.
My group mate thinks that I am mediocre in self-confidence because when I am giving my strategy presentation I am not using my body language confidently and I am hesitating to give presentation. I’ll take that comment as a gift and try to increase my level of confidence.
Delegation is the capabilities or knowledge of the person and issuing them a task, it also includes three concepts i.e. authority, responsibility and accountability. Delegation enables a leader to develop the performance of the followers to reach the desired target by making the best use of time.
In my group activity I gave suggestions to my group and they observe it. When I get the chance I gave my suggestions to delicate the work. They found my suggestion an average because some time I didn’t find the strength of few team members in different tasks. So in some cases I am not able to assign a task to the right person.
A leader is a person who influences other people to accomplish the desired goal, leader accept challenges takes risk to remove hurdles for his subordinates, he had a different styles for different situations. A leader is a role model for the organisation.
With the help of the feedback given by my group members I know what are my strengths and weaknesses, because of them I know what are the obstacles for me to be a good leader.
(Yukl, G. (2010:26), Leadership in Organizations: Global Edition, 7th Edition, Pearson Higher Education)
Mullins, L.J. (2010), Management and Organisational Behaviour, 9th Edition, Pearson Higher Education
Mullins, L.J. (2010), Management and Organisational Behaviour, 9th Edition, Pearson Higher Education
http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/p/leadtheories.htm, (22 may 2011 )
Tags: free essay, leadership and management
Category: Business, Free Essays