IELTS Writing Task 2 Vocabulary and Organisation
An overview of IELTS writing task 2: Useful vocabulary and information
by Derick Smith
For writing Task 2, which is worth more than Task 1, you should spend about 40 minutes writing a 250 word essay. You will be given a contemporary social topic which you must respond to in a number of ways.
Examples of IELTS task 2 question types:
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages
- Discuss both sides
- Give a reason why you think the problem exists
- Express your views about the issue
- Say whether you agree or disagree
- Decide which side of the argument you support
As always, first make sure to read the question carefully to identify every part. (If you do not address each part you will not get a good mark in this task.)
Example IELTS task 2 question:
In general, people do not talk to one another when using public transport. Why is this so, and what could be done to change this situation?
Next you should make a plan about what you will write and how you will arrange it. For example -
- Identify a number of reasons
- decide which will be primary and which will be supporting ideas
- think about a number of possible solutions
- organise your paragraphs
This vocabulary will get you started but you must develop and expand on these structures and find a variety that you understand fully and can use confidently.
Giving your opinion
In my opinion… / My opinion is that… /
It would seem that.../ It appears that...
I somewhat agree / agree / strongly agree with the idea that…
I somewhat disagree / disagree / strongly disagree with the idea that…
I think / believe / feel that…
From my point of view / perspective...
Structuring your writing- Main points
First / First of all / Firstly…/ In the first place...
Initially.../ To begin with.../ To start with…
Some people believe that.../ Many people think that…
Structuring your writing - Supporting / contrasting points
Second / Second of all / Secondly… / In the second place…
Then... / Next… / After that.../
Besides… / Likewise… / In addition …
Consequently… / What’s more… / Furthermore… / Moreover...
On the other hand… / Apart from that… / Finally...
Concluding your writing
On balance, I believe….
In general / overall...it seems like / that
My personal conclusion is…
As we have seen…
For more detailed information about paragraph 1 and how to approach it check out our post ‘IELTS Task 2: Discuss both sides and give your opinion’
For structuring Task 2 check out our post here
And for more information and practice tests check out our top ten IELTS blogs.
Now it's your turn... Try to use any of this vocabulary in a sentence and post it in the comments below. If you have any questions, please ask us in the comments section.
Post by Derick Smith
IELTS Writing -
Key Words & Expressions
By learning to use common phrases and set expressions, you can add variety and interest to your writing. You will also be able to write more quickly and effectively during exams, when time is limited.
Of course, you won't need to use all of the expressions on the IELTS. Ideally, you should be comfortable using at least three or four expressions from each group below, so they come to mind easily during the IELTS. It is also helpful to have someone call them out so you can test your spelling. Unfortunately, students sometimes make spelling errors even in these commonly occurring expressions. Practice sufficiently so you don't lose points unnecessarily on something that's within your control.
KEY WORDS for IELTS WRITING
Stating Your Opinion
In my opinion,
According to me,
In my view,
From my point of view,
It seems to me that
From my perspective
To my way of thinking
It appears that
In other words,
In the same way,
At the same time
On the contrary,
On the other hand,
On the whole,
By and large,
It seems to me that
All in all,
As a rule,
All things considered
For the most part
Expressing Partial Agreement
More or less,
To some extent,
Up to a point,
In a way,
So to speak,
As a result,
For this reason,
The reason why
First of all,
To begin with
At the same time
After this / that
As soon as
As well as
To conclude with,