Essay Linking Words Ielts Test

IELTS Writing Task 2 Vocabulary and Organisation

An overview of IELTS writing task 2: Useful vocabulary and information

 by Derick Smith

For writing Task 2, which is worth more than Task 1, you should spend about 40 minutes writing a 250 word essay. You will be given a contemporary social topic which you must respond to in a number of ways. 

Examples of IELTS task 2 question types:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages
  • Discuss both sides
  • Give a reason why you think the problem exists
  • Express your views about the issue
  • Say whether you agree or disagree
  • Decide which side of the argument you support

As always, first make sure to read the question carefully to identify every part. (If you do not address each part you will not get a good mark in this task.)

Example IELTS task 2 question:

In general, people do not talk to one another when using public transport. Why is this so, and what could be done to change this situation?

Next you should make a plan about what you will write and how you will arrange it. For example -  

  1. Identify a number of reasons
  2. decide which will be primary and which will be supporting ideas
  3. think about a number of possible solutions
  4. organise your paragraphs

USEFUL VOCABULARY

This vocabulary will get you started but you must develop and expand on these structures and find a variety that you understand fully and can use confidently.

Giving your opinion

In my opinion… / My opinion is that… /

It would seem that.../ It appears that...

I somewhat agree / agree / strongly agree with the idea that…

I somewhat disagree / disagree / strongly disagree with the idea that…

I think / believe / feel that…

From my point of view / perspective...

Structuring your writing- Main points

First / First of all / Firstly…/ In the first place...

Initially.../ To begin with.../ To start with…

Some people believe that.../ Many people think that…

Structuring your writing - Supporting / contrasting points

Second / Second of all / Secondly… / In the second place…

Then... / Next… / After that.../

Besides… / Likewise… / In addition …

Consequently… / What’s more… / Furthermore… / Moreover...

On the other hand… / Apart from that… / Finally...

Concluding your writing

On balance, I believe….

In general / overall...it seems like / that

In summary…

My personal conclusion is…

As we have seen…

For more detailed information about paragraph 1 and how to approach it check out our post ‘IELTS Task 2: Discuss both sides and give your opinion’

For structuring Task 2 check out our post here

And for more information and practice tests check out our top ten IELTS blogs.

Now it's your turn... Try to use any of this vocabulary in a sentence and post it in the comments below. If you have any questions, please ask us in the comments section.

Post by Derick Smith

IELTS Dublin

IELTS Writing -
Key Words & Expressions

By learning to use common phrases and set expressions, you can add variety and interest to your writing. You will also be able to write more quickly and effectively during exams, when time is limited.

Of course, you won't need to use all of the expressions on the IELTS. Ideally, you should be comfortable using at least three or four expressions from each group below, so they come to mind easily during the IELTS. It is also helpful to have someone call them out so you can test your spelling. Unfortunately, students sometimes make spelling errors even in these commonly occurring expressions. Practice sufficiently so you don't lose points unnecessarily on something that's within your control.

KEY WORDS for IELTS WRITING

Stating Your Opinion

In my opinion,

According to me,

In my view,

To me,

From my point of view,

I think

It seems to me that

I believe

From my perspective

To my way of thinking

It appears that

I suppose

I realize

I understand

I imagine

I feel

 

Giving Examples

For example,

For instance,

such as

In other words,

as

like

that is

namely

To illustrate

To paraphrase

 

Comparing

Similar to

As...as

in common

also

Either...or

In the same way,

Neither...nor

At the same time

Just as

resemble

 

Contrasting

However,

But

On the contrary,

On the other hand,

Differ from

Nevertheless

Although

Though

Otherwise

Instead

Alternatively,

Even though

Generalizing

Generally,

Generally speaking,

Overall,

On the whole,

In general,

By and large,

It seems to me that

I believe

All in all,

Basically,

Essentially,

As a rule,

All things considered

For the most part

 

Expressing Certainty

Certainly,

Undoubtedly,

Doubtless,

No doubt,

Definitely,

Of course,

 

Expressing Partial Agreement

More or less,

To some extent,

Up to a point,

Almost,

In a way,

So to speak,

 

Showing cause

Due to

Because

Because of

Owing to

 

Showing effect

Therefore,

As a result,

Consequently,

For this reason,

Thus,

So,

thereby

Eventually,

Hence,

The reason why

 

Marking time

First,

Last

Second,

Lastly,

Third,

Then,

Firstly,

First of all,

Secondly,

Before

Thirdly,

After

During

While

To begin with

At the same time

Simultaneously

After this / that

Since

Meanwhile

Afterwards

Following this

When

As soon as

 

Adding Information

Furthermore

In addition

Also

And

Moreover

Similarly

Likewise

As well as

Besides

Too

Even

What’s more

 

Expressing condition

If

Whether

In case

Unless

Provided that

So that

 

Concluding

To summarize

In conclusion

Lastly,

Finally,

To conclude with,

In short,

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